Every year, Canada sets an annual Immigration Levels Plan that determines the number of permanent residents the country will welcome. In recent years, immigration has accounted for almost 100% of Canada's labor force growth and roughly 75% of its population growth, mostly in the economic category. By 2036, immigrants are projected to make up 30% of Canada's population. The country's aging population also means that the worker-to-retiree ratio is expected to shift from 7 to 1 50 years ago to 2 to 1 by 2035. In the 2021 Census, almost 1 in 4 people counted were or had been a landed immigrant or permanent resident in Canada, the highest proportion on record. Recent immigrants make up a significant portion of key professions in the country, including 36% of physicians, 33% of business owners with paid staff, and 41% of engineers. To address ongoing application backlogs and labor shortages, the government has committed an additional $50 million to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada in 2022-2023.